Awesome, Hypnotic Photos of Swirling, Crystal Chemistry

Each water particle is comprised of two hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom, however oxygen has six electrons in its external shell. Only two electrons are needed to form that chemical bond with hydrogen, so four negatively charged electrons, organized by twos in “dangling” sets, are hovering out there in micro-space hoping for a way to balance themselves out. These sets pull weakly on the hydrogen atoms bonded to neighboring water particles, forming brief, one-trillionth-of-a-second bonds before reforming and breaking with another hydrogen atom.
The favorably charged chromium and adversely charged hydroxide particles are attracted to one another due to the fact that they balance out energetically. They form tight bonds that freeze the particles into location, creating a solid byproduct that does not have space for all those water particles to fit nicely. The response also develops sodium chloride, commonly understood as table salt, which dissolves in water simply fine.Copper sulfate crystal
Photograph: Wenting Zhu and Yan Liang

Each water molecule is comprised of 2 hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom, however oxygen has 6 electrons in its outer shell. Just two electrons are required to form that chemical bond with hydrogen, so four negatively charged electrons, organized by twos in “dangling” sets, are hovering out there in micro-space hoping for a way to balance themselves out. These sets pull weakly on the hydrogen atoms bonded to neighboring water molecules, forming quick, one-trillionth-of-a-second bonds before breaking and reforming with another hydrogen atom.

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